Foucault News

News and resources on French thinker Michel Foucault (1926-1984)

Rony K. Pratama, Genealogi Hoaks Indonesia, EA Books, 2021

English abstract and title below

Bagaimana penciptaan dan perubahan makna hoaks dari momen-momen penting yang menandainya? Siapa saja aktor penting yang membentuk hoaks dalam sepuluh tahun terakhir? Bagaimana pesan berantai berisi ancaman santet membuat geger masyarakat? Masih ingat kicauan @TrioMacan2000? Apa agenda ekonomi-politik di balik ramainya industri pemengaruh dan pendengung?

Rony K. Pratama dua tahun terakhir serius mempelajari bidang kajian budaya dan media. Meski sebelumnya fokus di ranah pendidikan bahasa dan sastra Indonesia, perpindahan minatnya itu justru memperluas dimensi penelitian dan penulisan yang belakangan di hasilkan. Penelitian termutakhirnya bertajuk Genealogi Hoaks di Indonesia di bawah bimbingan Profesor Faruk. Sampai sekarang juga masih aktif menulis di CakNun.com. Minimal satu tulisan perminggu. Lima tahun belakangan tulisannya dimuat pula di Kompas, Bernas, Kedaulatan Rakyat, The Jakarta Post, Solo Pos, Jawa Pos, dan jurnal ilmiah terindeks. Karya tulisnya dapat ditengok di researchgate.net/ronykpratama maupun uny.academia.edu/ronykpratama. Dapat disapa via surel ronykpratama@ icloud.com.

Rony K. Pratama, Genealogy of Indonesian Hoaxes

This study aims to examine hoax discourse in the Indonesian context. The two problem formulas studied are as follows. Firstly, how is the discursive formation of hoaxes engendered? Secondly, what is the political economy agenda accompanying the formation process of hoaxes in Indonesia? Using Foucault’s genealogical method, this research explores archives from 2008 to 2021, most taken from online media. The researcher focuses on the state’s dominant power based on their discursive and non-discursive practices, including political events, institutions, and economic processes. Genealogical analysis in this research looks at the process of constituted hoax discourse, and it focuses on power relationships in society as represented through language and practices. The research results are as follows.

Firstly, the hoax discourse endures a narrowing, widening, and shifting, which cannot be separated by the discursive and non-discursive formations that make it up. During the formation process, there were various institutions and authoritative figures: the Indonesian Ulema Council (MUI), Indonesian Press Council (Dewan Pers), Republik of Indonesia State Intelligence Agency (BIN), Indonesian Ministry of Communication and Informatics (Kominfo), Coordinating Ministry for Political, Legal, and Security Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia (Kemenko Polhukam), shaman, police, and cyber security expert who have effectively shaped and defined the form of hoaxes in Indonesia. Moreover, the discursive formations delineate legal discourse, astronomy, religion, Pancasila (Five Principles of the Indonesian state), journalism, and education. All of these discursive formations have been descended from traditional institutions and figures. Secondly, there are two political economy agendas. They are controlling people and their social media. These agendas are carried out by the Jokowi (Indonesian President) regime to create a new developmentalism discourse. Dominating the people and their social media could effectively accelerate the economic and political stability of the developmentalism discourse.

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