Foucault News

News and resources on French thinker Michel Foucault (1926-1984)

Cheung, M., Chen, Z.T.
Power, Freedom, and Privacy on a Discipline-and-Control Facebook, and the Implications for Internet Governance
(2022) IEEE Transactions on Professional Communication, pp. 1-18.

DOI: 10.1109/TPC.2022.3191103

Abstract
Background: The proliferation and penetration of social media into professional and everyday lives have reshaped the way in which people deal with their personal information and call for refreshed perceptions and conceptualizations of the power relationship between individual users and technology giants. Despite intensified privacy concerns and crises over social media, there is little research on the correlations between users’ privacy perception and protection in non-Western settings. Research question: To what extent are Hong Kong Facebook users willing to sacrifice control over their information in exchange for self-expression, sociality, and intimacy in their social roles and relationships

Literature review: We first identified a gap in the literature on user perceptions and concerns over privacy in Eastern cultures, which is scarce despite the increasing concern over privacy in professional communication. Informed by the recent literature on the privacy paradox and Foucault and Deleuze's work on power, the unbalanced and normalizing power relationship between Facebook and its users in Eastern contexts is identified as a synthesis of discipline and control.

Research methodology: Data from a survey of 797 young users in Hong Kong were used for our analysis of privacy perception and protection. The survey contained three sections: Facebook usage, attitudes and behaviors, and basic demographics. Results: The findings support our hypotheses in revealing that the privacy paradox is evident for Facebook users in Hong Kong. In addition, excessive Facebook use leads to reactive privacy awareness and normalization behaviors.

Conclusion: We believe that technology giants, such as Facebook, should be pioneers in safeguarding users’ privacy while encouraging the establishment of social relationships and freedom of expression. The implications for internet governance are discussed from a multistakeholder perspective.

Author Keywords
Deleuze; discipline-and-control social media; Facebook; Foucault; freedom; Internet; Law; Media; Meta; Pandemics; power; Privacy; privacy; Regulation; social network; Social networking (online)

Index Keywords
Data privacy, Social aspects, Surveys; Deleuze, Discipline-and-control social medium, Facebook, Foucault, Freedom, Law, Medium, Meta, Pandemic, Power, Privacy, Regulation, Social media, Social network, Social networking (online); Social networking (online)

Progressive Geographies

All of Foucault’s lecture courses at the Collège de France have been published and translated into English. Thirteen courses were delivered over a fourteen-year period from 1970-84 – Foucault took 1976-77 as a sabbatical year.

Much less is known about his seminars. Until 1981, Foucault ran a seminar class in parallel to the lectures. It wasusuallyheld on Monday afternoons or early evening. From 1981-82 he opted to increase the number of lecture hours instead, which is why the courses fromThe Hermeneutic of the Subjectonwards have first and second hours for each week. In the course summaries which Foucault wrote for theAnnuaire du Collège de Franceeach year he reported both on the lecture course and, usually, on what had been done in the seminar. These summaries were available as pdfson the Collège de France sitebut they seem to have been removed (several were mislabelled when…

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Rehberg, Andrea and Woodward, Ashley. Nietzsche and the Politics of Difference. Berlin, Boston: De Gruyter, 2022. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110688436

About this book
The question of Nietzsche’s use of political theory has a long and vexed history. The contributors of this book re-situate debates around the notion of difference, in relation to historical and scholarly concerns, but with a view to the current political context. Given that today we are faced with a host of political challenges of domination and resistance, the question raised in this volume is how Nietzsche helps us to think through and to address some of the problems. The authors also discuss how his writings complicate our desire for swift solutions to seemingly intractable problems: how to resist slavishness in thought and action, how to maintain hard-won civil liberties and rights in the face of encroaching hegemonic discourses, practices and forces, or how to counteract global environmental degradation, in short, how to oppose ‘totalitarian’ movements of homogenization, universalization, equalization, and instead to affirm, both politically and ontologically, a culture of difference.

Table of Contents
Introduction

PART 1 POLITICS AND DIFFERENCE
Nietzsche, Rancière and the Disputation of Politics
Alan Watt

Composing Time: Stiegler on Nietzsche, Nihilism and a Possible Future
Tracy Colony

PART 2 POLITICS AND IDENTITY
Nietzsche’s Diagnosis of Socrates in The Birth of Tragedy: Voyeurism and the Denigration of Difference
Glen Baier

Ecce Homo – Notes on Duplicates: The Great Politics of the Self
William A. B. Parkhurst

Voluntary Submission and the ʻPolitics of Truth’: Nietzsche and Foucault on the Danger of the Fully Normalised ‘Last Human’
Niklas Corall

Towards Immanence – A Nietzschean Trajectory
Andrea Rehberg

PART 3 NIETZSCHE AND DELEUZE ON A NEW POLITICS
Echoes of a New Politics: Deleuze’s Nietzsche and the Political
Jonas Oßwald

The Topology of Difference: Deleuze’s Nietzsche in his Politics of Folded Spaces and Subjects
Lilian Kroth

Fake or Just Stupid? – Post-Truth Politics, Nihilism and the Politics of Difference in Light of Deleuze’s Nietzsche and Philosophy
Gabriel Valladão Silva

The Idiot: Deleuze’s Nietzsche for a Politics of Difference
Julie Van der Wielen

PART 4 THE POLITICS OF THE AGON
Disparate Conceptions of the Agon: Nietzsche and Agonistic Democracy
Pia Morar

Agonal Human Rights: A Re-evaluation of Democracy Through Nietzsche’s Physio-Psychology of Will to Power
Sven Gellens

PART 5 PLURALITY, AFFIRMATION, IMMANENCE
Nietzsche and a Politics of Difference: Realising the Forces in the Margins
Marinete Araujo da Silva Fobister

Nietzsche, Foucault and the Politics of the Ascetic Ideal
George W. Shea

The Quandary of Identity and the Prospective Appearance of Free Spirits in our Globalising Age
Michael J. McNeal

Progressive Geographies

David Beer, The Tensions of Algorithmic Thinking: Automation, Intelligence and the Politics of Knowing – Bristol University Press, November 2022

Hardback and e-book only at the moment, but paperback sometime in the future. Subscribers to David’s substack The Fragment can access a 50% discount code.

We are living in algorithmic times.

From machine learning and artificial intelligence to blockchain or simpler newsfeed filtering, automated systems can transform the social world in ways that are just starting to be imagined.

Redefining these emergent technologies as the new systems of knowing, pioneering scholar David Beer examines the acute tensions they create and how they are changing what is known and what is knowable. Drawing on cases ranging from the art market and the smart home, through to financial tech, AI patents and neural networks, he develops key concepts for understanding the framing, envisioning and implementation of algorithms.

This book will be of…

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Progressive Geographies

Melissa Pawelski, “Between ‘Körper’ and ‘Leib’ – Translating Michel Foucault’s concept of the body after Friedrich Nietzsche“, Perspectives: Studies in Translation Theory and Practice, 2022 (open access)

This article analyses the German words ‘Leib’ and ‘Körper’ that can both be translated as ‘the body’ in English and as ‘le corps’ in French. The human body is a central object in the philosophies of Friedrich Nietzsche and Michel Foucault. Whilst ‘Körper’, originating in Latin, commonly refers to the body, ‘Leib’ stems from Middle High German meaning ‘the body’, ‘life’, and ‘person’. Nietzsche’s use of ‘Leib’ must be understood as an idiosyncrasy, an Untranslatable following Cassin. In Nietzsche’s thought, he insists on the aspects of life and the will to live, positing that the body ought not to be abstracted in philosophy. I show that the word ‘Leib’ is functional in Nietzsche’s philosophy on which, in turn, Foucault draws…

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Goodley, C., Perryman, J.
Beyond the ‘terrors of performativity’: dichotomies, identities and escaping the panopticon
(2022) London Review of Education, 20 (1), art. no. 29

DOI: 10.14324/LRE.20.1.29

Abstract
This article examines the influence of Stephen Ball’s work through the eyes of two former teachers turned academics who met through a mutual interest in his paper, ‘The teacher’s soul and the terrors of performativity’. We note our personal reactions to this particular paper and how Ball’s body of work has and continues to influence our thinking, careers and research. We note that his highly readable, provocative style of writing and passionate denunciation of league tables, inspections and the associated paraphernalia of control that appear central to neoliberal models of educational governance continue to prove useful in understanding global educational policy. This article also critically engages with the effects of such a seminal paper on the lived experience of the teaching profession. The first author argues that while Ball’s writing is useful to understand the pressures and struggles that teachers face, Ball’s use of Foucauldian notions such as ‘docile bodies’ and ‘subject-position’ can be seen to flatten out teachers, rendering them passive bystanders rather than agentic professionals. The second author revisits and recalls the influence of the paper on her early work, particularly on her concept of ‘panoptic performativity’, and the impact that the paper, and Stephen Ball’s work in general, continues to have on the wider field. © 2022, Claire Goodley and Jane Perryman.

Author Keywords
accountability; figured worlds theory; Michel Foucault; performativity; performativity; Stephen J. Ball; teachers

Perry Meisel, Criticism After Theory from Shakespeare to Virginia Woolf,
Routledge, 2022

Book Description
The argument of this book is a simple one: that criticism after theory is a single movement of thought defined by synthesis and continuity rather than by conflict and change. The most influential figures in criticism since Saussure—Bakhtin, Derrida, and Foucault—are wholly consistent with Saussure’s foundational Course in General Linguistics (1916) no matter the traditions of complaint that have followed in Saussure’s wake from Bakhtin forward. These complaints vitiate—despite themselves and often hilariously so—the misconceptions that have made cottage industries out of quarrels with Saussurean semiology that are based on notions of Saussure that are incorrect. The materialist criticism dominant today is actually dependent upon on the legacy of a presumably formalist structuralism rather than a step beyond it. New Historicism, postcolonialism, gender studies, environmental criticism, archive studies, even shared and surface reading are, like deconstruction, the by-products of Saussure’s structuralism, not its foils. Saussure’s sign is sensory and concrete. Language and materiality are not distinct but one and the same—history, society, the psychological subject, even the environment are systems of signs, material archives read and reread by futures that produce the past after the fact. Without Saussure, contemporary criticism would have no identifiable or effective source. The book begins with chapters on Saussure and Derrida, Bakhtin and Shakespeare, and Freud and Foucault followed by chapters on Victorian and American fiction, D.H. Lawrence and modern poetry, Virginia Woolf and Melanie Klein, and the historicist tropology of psychoanalysis. It concludes with a coda in life writing on the author’s epileptic disability.

Table of Contents
Introduction: The Durability of the Linguistic Metaphor, Chapter 1: “The Word Within”: Egger, Saussure, Derrida, Chapter 2: Bakhtin, Shakespeare, and the Novel, Chapter 3: Deferred Action from Freud to Foucault, Chapter 4: Form and History from Dickens to Woolf, Chapter 5: Henry James and the Body English, Chapter 6: Sinclair Lewis and the American Language, Chapter 7: Black and Tan: DuBois, Faulkner, and The Joy Luck Club, Chapter 8: D.H. Lawrence: The Poem As Environment, Chapter 9: Mrs. Woolf, Mrs. Klein, Chapter 10: The Feudal Unconscious: Capitalism and the Family Romance, Coda: The Challenge of Temporal Lobe Epilepsy

Author
Perry Meisel, Professor of English at New York University for over 40 years until his retirement in 2016, has written on literature, music, theory, psychoanalysis, and culture since the 1970s. His articles have appeared in The New York Times Book Review, The Village Voice, Partisan Review, The Nation, The Atlantic, Raritan, October, and many other publications. He is the author of The Myth of Popular Culture (Blackwell, 2010), The Literary Freud (Routledge, 2007), The Cowboy and the Dandy (Oxford, 1999), The Myth of the Modern (Yale, 1987), The Absent Father (Yale, 1980), and Thomas Hardy (Yale, 1972). He is coeditor, with Haun Saussy, of Saussure’s Course in General Linguistics (Columbia, 2011), and coeditor, with Walter Kendrick, of Bloomsbury/Freud: The Letters of James and Alix Strachey, 1924–25 (Basic Books, 1985). He is also the editor of Freud: A Collection of Critical Essays (Prentice-Hall, 1981). He received his B.A. Summa cum laude from Yale in 1970. He also received his M.Phil. (1973) and Ph.D. (1975) from Yale. He is the recipient of Yale’s Wrexham Prize and Thomas G. Bergin Cup and research grants from the National Endowment for the Humanities and the Spencer Foundation. He is a member of Phi Beta Kappa and PEN and has been a Fellow of the New York Institute for the Humanities and the Institute for the History of Psychiatry at Weill-Cornell Medical College.

Cabrera, J.C.M.
This is not a pipe Iconicity in Magritte’s language paintings
(2022) Iconicity in Language and Literature, 18, pp. 193-211.

DOI: 10.1075/ill.18.10cab

Abstract
A significant part of René Magritte’s pictorial work is devoted to the challenging relationships between images and written words. In this paper, I will look into two series of Magritte’s language paintings addressing these relationships: The Treachery of Images (also known as This is not a pipe) and The Interpretation of Dreams. In both series, painted images of written words and phrases are juxtaposed to painted images of objects in order to show that words and images should not be taken as the real objects they depict or refer to. I will show that, in addition to this obvious interpretation, there are much more interesting and challenging issues concerning the iconicity of the relationships between written words and the images depicting the objects denoted by them in Magritte’s paintings. To illustrate this point, I will elaborate on the calligram approach to the Treachery of Images proposed by Michel Foucault and Douglas Hofstadter by exploring the subliminal iconic relationships between the image of the pipe and the shape of the letters in the painted sentence (ceci n’est pas une pipe ‘this is not a pipe’). In addition, I will show that this analysis can be extended to the paintings entitled The Interpretation of Dreams. These analyses might shed a new light on these enigmatic works of art. © 2022 John Benjamins Publishing Company.

Judy, R.S.
Vorticist Confucianism: Ezra Pound’s translation practice in Confucius as modernist self-fashioning
(2022) Asia Pacific Translation and Intercultural Studies, 9 (2), pp. 134-150.

DOI: 10.1080/23306343.2022.2123189

Abstract
This article argues that Ezra Pound’s Confucius, which brings together his translations of three classics of Confucian philosophy (The Great Learning, The Doctrine of the Mean, and the Analects), can be read as a form of modernist self–fashioning. The work enacts many of Pound’s early Vorticist aesthetic principles, but does so in a way that makes the translator an obtrusive character who talks back to and appropriates these ancient texts as vehicles for his aesthetic ideology. This ironic, meta–historical practice of translation can, I contend, be understood as a kind of Foucauldian “technology of the self”–i.e., a technique of self–understanding that alters and gives new meaning to life and character. Speaking through the texts he embodies Confucianism but also subsumes them to the vortex of meanings we associate with the writer Ezra Pound. Moreover, in crafting himself as an American Confucian steeped in transcultural imaginings (American, European, and Chinese), Pound’s translation practice in Confucius develops around a set of concerns that are still relevant to the contemporary world—i.e., the rise of the global subject, the return of authoritarianism and decline of American liberal democracy, and the problematic role of tradition(s) in forging a new, global aesthetic vision.

Author Keywords
Confucianism; Ezra pound; Foucault; technologies of the self; Vorticism

Nietzsche, Foucault et la généalogie » (II)
sous la direction d’Éric ALLIEZ, Michèle COHEN-HALIMI, Orazio IRRERA

Mardi 15h-18h | Département de philosophie | Université Paris 8 | Bâtiment A, Salle A028

Séminaire organisé dans le cadre des activités pédagogiques et de recherche du Département de Philosophie de l’Université de Paris 8, du LLCP (EA, 4008), du GRAF (Groupe de Recherche sur les Archives Foucaldiennes), et du séminaire permanent « Foucault à Paris 8 ». Activité soutenue par le Centre Michel Foucault et la revue materiali foucaultiani.

La généalogie comprise comme méthode surgit tardivement dans le corpus nietzschéen, dans La Généalogie de la morale en 1887, et ne procède pas directement de l’élaboration du concept d’inactualité, ni de celui d’histoire, tels du moins qu’ils sont déployés dans la deuxième des Considérations inactuelles (1874). L’histoire de l’élaboration des concepts nietzschéens de « méthode généalogique », d’« inactualité », d’histoire (antiquaire, monumentale et critique), sera confrontée à l’usage qu’en fait Foucault et au contexte philosophique français de cet usage ainsi qu’aux transformations de cet usage à l’intérieur même du corpus foucaldien. Devraient ainsi se voir éclairées les perspectives, nietzschéenne et foucaldienne, fort différentes sur l’historicité et se voir explicités certains enjeux de la lecture foucaldienne de Nietzsche, dont notamment celui qui gravite autour de la notion de diagnostic, celui aussi de l’inspiration nietzschéenne qui accompagne l’inscription par Foucault d’une perspective archéologique dans le discours philosophique. On s’attachera enfin au rapport de l’archéologie avec l’actualité et l’histoire, à l’intérieur de la perspective généalogique et en confrontant la « stratégie » foucaldienne avec la philosophie deleuzienne du devenir.

Programme

31 janvier 2023
Alessandro FALCONIERI – (Université Paris 8 | GRAF)
« De l’espace archéologique à l’espace généalogique. Réflexions sur l’importance de Nietzsche pour une conception foucaldienne de l’espace »

7 février 2023
Gabriel POCHAPSKI (Université d’État de Campinas, Brésil)
« Repenser l’espace, pluraliser le temps : la pensée de Nietzsche entre Foucault et l’École des Annales »

14 février 2023
Khaïang FALVISANER (Université Paris 8 | GRAF)
« Qu’est-ce qu’une expérience du langage contre-phénoménologique ? Lecture d’un inédit foucaldien des années 1950 sur Nietzsche »

7 mars 2023
Roberto NIGRO (Leuphana Universität, Allemagne)
« L’œuvre de Nietzsche dans le dispositif analytique foucaldien : quel tournant philosophique dans la pensée contemporaine ? »

14 mars 2023
Gennaro BOCCOLINO (Université de Pise/Florence, Italie)
« “Übung, Übung, Übung !”. Ascèse et idéaux ascétiques chez Nietzsche et Foucault »

21 mars 202
Camila GINÉS (Université Paris 8 | GRAF)
« Langage, vérité et puissance : la question de la rhétorique chez Nietzsche et Foucault »

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