Foucault News

News and resources on French thinker Michel Foucault (1926-1984)

Benjamin Bratton, The Revenge of the Real. Politics for a Post-Pandemic World, Verso, 2021

Review by Geoff Shullenberger in The Washington Examiner

The future of politics after the pandemic

COVID-19 exposed the pre-existing conditions of the current global crisis. Many Western states failed to protect their populations, while others were able to suppress the virus only with sweeping social restrictions. In contrast, many Asian countries were able to make much more precise interventions. Everywhere, lockdown transformed everyday life, introducing an epidemiological view of society based on sensing, modeling, and filtering. What lessons are to be learned?

The Revenge of the Real envisions a new positive biopolitics that recognizes that governance is literally a matter of life and death. We are grappling with multiple interconnected dilemmas—climate change, pandemics, the tensions between the individual and society—all of which have to be addressed on a planetary scale. Even when separated, we are still enmeshed. Can the world govern itself differently? What models and philosophies are needed? Bratton argues that instead of thinking of biotechnologies as something imposed on society, we must see them as essential to a politics of infrastructure, knowledge, and direct intervention. In this way, we can build a society based on a new rationality of inclusion, care, and prevention.

Giorgi Vachnadze, The Phenomenological Panopticon and the Historical a Priori: Towards a Genealogy of the Transcendental Subject, Epoché, Issue #37 February 2021

A teleological conception of history begins with Hegel and terminates with Foucault. The following text will not concern itself with Hegel and the Hegelian interpretation of history, it will not be an extensive analysis of the notion of historical teleology, nor will it attempt to discuss every thinker who has used this notion. Neither will it attempt to lay down a comprehensive history nor theory of the Subject. Instead, we will focus on a comparison between the historical and philosophical methodologies of Edmund Husserl and Michel Foucault, and their respective theories of the Subject, while extending the antagonism between the two thinkers into a critique of phenomenology and the phenomenological subject as an instance of what Foucault terms governmentality.

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Call for Papers: Special Issue “Foucault, Corporate Social Responsibility and Corporate Sustainability” for the journal Sustainability

A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050). This special issue belongs to the section “Economic and Business Aspects of Sustainability“.

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 March 2022
Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

This Special Issue invites contributions that use aspects of Michel Foucault’s broad authorship to analyze the concept of corporate social responsibility (CSR) as well as related concepts like Corporate Sustainability and ESG. Today, CSR has become a ubiquitous, self-evident business concept in the global economy, and yet critics often claim that its progressive promises of transforming capitalism remain unfulfilled. Some scholars argue that CSR’s radical potential has been washed out in step with its appropriation by mainstream corporate business management—a process through which CSR has become “de-radicalized” (Shamir, 2004). When CSR emerged in the 1950s, an explicit link was forged between social morality and ethics, on the one hand, and corporate business practice, on the other. However, after Milton Friedman’s argument in 1970 that CSR is justifiable only based on economic performance, the emphasis on morality receded during the following decades (Brooks, 2010). Some critical scholars trace CSR’s historical development, while others describe the notion’s more recent integration into corporatist culture broadly.

Whether CSR will play a significant transformative role in addressing the urgent issues of our time is an open and decisive question; such issues include global climate change, deforestation, growing social inequality, corporate economic crime, ensuring healthy labor conditions, respecting the rights of children, women, ethnic and sexual minorities, etc. We hence wish to approach CSR from a broad perspective, which means that, apart from research focused on CSR specifically, we welcome articles on a range of related themes exemplified at the end of this call. The field of possible contributions is thus wide-ranging. The theme of the Special Issue requires that contributing authors engage in some way with Foucault’s historical work, his analytical frameworks, his concepts, or his approach to critique. CSR can be situated at the intersection of politics, economics, and morality. How the concept evolves and is implemented results from power struggles over competing knowledge claims. Given that Foucault is the major thinker of the interplay of power and knowledge, he should offer untapped resources for grasping the complexities of involved in modern CSR. Let us briefly sketch out how select avenues in Foucault’s work is of potential relevance for themes related to CSR listed above.

Overall, Foucault’s thinking can help to inquire into the set of institutions, discourses, and techniques that make up the conditions of possibility for corporations and individuals’ CSR-practice. First, Foucault’s genealogical method (Foucault, 1984) works by tracing how present institutions and governance principles, for example, CSR, emerged from past struggles, political strategies, and accidental events. From a genealogical perspective, the pragmatism of the modern CSR discourse can be better grasped by recovering CSR’s historical conditions of emergence. Genealogy takes as its basic premise that history is a site of evolving struggle, including struggles over divergent interpretations, which the development of the CSR discourse clearly displays. Studies of struggles around definitions of sustainability, accountability, transparency, and more would be pertinent for this Special Issue.

Second, studies of CSR inspired by Foucault may inquire into the dynamic interplay between power and resistance. Foucault insisted that power is always “reversible”, since resistance against (capitalist) power can itself begin to constitute a new form of domination, and hence, no concept is intrinsically progressive or liberating. Studies following this premise could examine how demands, notions, and initiatives (such as CSR or ESG) which respond to the negative effects of capitalist production either succeed in forging new policies and business practices or, conversely, become co-opted by the capitalist order, becoming integral to that order itself.

Third, Foucault analyzed neoliberalism in his 1979 lecture series (2008), focusing on two forms of neoliberalism: German post-war liberalism and the liberalism of the Chicago School. Of particular relevance to contemporary debates on CSR is the arguments by American neo-liberals that redefined the social sphere as understandable through economic principles. They advanced the idea that the efficient work of rational–economic action in a system of competition requires limited governmental intervention, which is an idea that echoes in arguments for corporations’ and consumers’ voluntary responsibility and argues against legal intervention into business practices. How neoliberal assumptions, concepts, and models are mobilized in debates over the legitimate extent and enforceability of CSR principles is another relevant question for this Special Issue.

Fourth, Foucault’s late authorship in the early 1980s, often termed his “ethical turn”, took him back to techniques of self-formation in Greco-Roman antiquity. There, Foucault discovered a “technical” notion of ethics less defined by submission to universal moral codes and instead focused more on the self’s work upon the self. Foucault’s “ethical turn” in the early 1980s hardly signified a departure from political issues, but a re-conception of politics as an ethical politics. Ethics is political, argued Foucault, in the sense that our self-fashioning involves what we are willing to accept or want to change in ourselves as well as in our circumstances: “[T]here is no first or final point of resistance to political power other than in the relationship one has to oneself” (Foucault, 2005: 252). Perhaps, the urgent issues of our time call for developing another form of ethics rather than models rooted in legal frameworks and Christian morality. The emergence of responsible consumers, climate conscious youths, “freeganism”, and dumpster diving could be analyzed with inspiration from Foucault’s work on ethics and self-formation.

Fifth, and finally, the concept of “the dispositive” has recently been introduced into Foucauldian scholarship as a highly promising analytical resource. A dispositive is defined as a historical configuration, which connects a series of discursive and non-discursive elements such as laws, practices, and techniques (Foucault, 1980). It designates a propensity in knowledge production and governmental practice, as well as a “dispositionality” in how institutions emerge and transform. The concept opens for analyzing how our practices, for example, risk assessments or divestment decisions, are conditioned by dispositives, that is, frameworks constituted by practices, techniques, and knowledge modalities. Foucault (2007) suggested that the dispositives of law, discipline, and security have been particularly important as responses to thorny governmental problems such as crime, infectious diseases, and labor unrest. Current problems such as climate change, environmental degradation, and extreme inequality could be analyzed as straddling between these deep-rooted frameworks of calculation and intervention.

In this Special Issue, we wish to apply a broad perspective on CSR, inspired by Michel Foucault and his extensive historical and conceptual authorship, including subsequent governmentality studies. We seek contributions that not only focus on corporations’ social contributions to the wider society but also address related themes such as accountability, corporate sustainability, risk management, ESG standards, divestment, investor–company relations, transparency, green-washing, the use of “soft law” and self-regulation, responsible consumerism, labor conditions, the protection of minorities, climate change, the environmental impact of business, risk management, new compliance principles, and more. We invite work that addresses the following themes as well as the suggestions mentioned above (the list is by no means exclusive):

  • Genealogical studies can trace how the CSR discourse has emerged and evolved in different regions, sectors, and national contexts;
  • Inquiries into struggles around how CSR should be defined, which social actors clash in such struggles, and how CSR proponents draw on concepts and normative premises derived from economics, jurisprudence, moral philosophy, environmental science, and more;
  • Analysis of how “transparency” is produced as a discursive object in relation to CSR, Corporate Sustainability, and ESG, including which accounts and issues are regarded as relevant information;
  • Discourse analyses can explore how “sustainability principles” are defined in the CSR discourse and how CSR principles and Corporate Sustainability are designed particularly in regard to environmental factors;
  • ESG could be analyzed as an extension or competitor concept for CSR, e.g., it could be examined how the CSR discourse affects ESG discussions and targets, and vice versa. The effects of ESG could be compared to its declared targets, and which role ESG plays for the moral image of the investor and for the balance of power between investors and joint-stock companies could be explored;
  • Studies of the techniques that establish criteria used by CSR and ESG rating agencies in their assessment processes, including criteria for what should be measured and how to measure it;
  • Inquiries into the recent debates on the inclusivity of CSR and ESG concepts, including their social aspects, such as class, ethnicity, religion, sexuality, and gender;
  • Studies of the dispositives that condition what can essentially be defined as CSR, “sustainable” versus “unsustainable” investments, “divestment”, “good governance”, and firms’ “socially responsible performance”;
  • Research on the uses of financial models and technologies used in the management of risk and uncertainty related to environmental disruption, catastrophes, and scarcity.

References:

Brooks, S. (2010) ‘CSR and the Strait-Jacket of Economic Rationality’, International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy 30(11/12): 604–17.

Foucault, M. (2005) The Hermeneutics of the Subject: Lectures at the Collège de France 1981–1982, trans. Graham Burchell. New York: Picador.

Foucault, M. 2007. Security, Territory, Population: Lectures at the Collège de France, 1977–1978. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Foucault, M. (2008) Birth of Biopolitics: Lectures at the Collège de France, 1978-1979.New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Foucault, M. (1980) ‘The Confession of the Flesh’. In Power/Knowledge: Selected Interviews and Other Writings 1972–1977, edited by Colin Gordon, pp. 194-240. New York: Pantheon Books.

Shamir, R. (2004) ‘The De-Radicalization of Corporate Social Responsibility’, Critical Sociology 33(3): 669–89.

Prof. Dr. Kaspar Villadsen
Guest Editor
Johannes Lundberg
Guest Editor Assistant

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1900 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI’s English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Foucault discourse
  • power/knowkedge
  • CSR
  • ESG
  • corporate sustainability
  • accountability
  • divestment
  • risk management
  • environmental crises

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Kaspar Villadsen E-Mail Website

Guest Editor

Department of Management, Politics and Philosophy, Copenhagen Business School, 2000 Frederiksberg, Denmark
Interests: Michel Foucault; state/civil society; critical organization studies; welfare state; health promotion

 

Johannes Lundberg E-Mail Website
Guest Editor Assistant
Department of Philosophy and History of Ideas, School of Culture and Society, Aarhus University, 8000 Aarhus, Denmark
Interests: michel foucault; intellectual history of political economy; financial theory; ESG investments

Krarup, Troels. “Archaeological Methodology: Foucault and the History of Systems of Thought.” Theory, Culture & Society 38, no. 5 (September 2021): 3–24. https://doi.org/10.1177/0263276420984528.

Abstract
Existing accounts of Foucault’s archaeological methodology have not (a) contextualized the concept properly within the intellectual field of its emergence and (b) explained why it is called ‘archaeology’ and not simply ‘history’. Foucault contributed to the field of ‘history of systems of thought’ in France around 1960 by broadening its scope from the study of scientific and philosophical systems into systems of ‘knowledge’ in a wider sense. For Foucault, the term ‘archaeology’ provided a response to new methodological questions arising from this initiative. Archaeological methodology had already been developed into a distinct comparative approach for the study of linguistic and cultural systems, notably by Dumézil. Foucault redevised archaeological methodology for the post-Hegelian tradition of studying ‘problems’ prevalent in the history of systems of thought. The article thus furnishes the groundwork for a ‘sociological archaeology’ or ‘problem analysis’ that is not particularly dependent on Foucault as a social theorist of power.

Keywords
archaeology, Foucault, French epistemological school, history of systems of thought, methodology, problem analysis, problematization

Gollmitzer, M. Journalism ethics with Foucault: Casually employed journalists’ constructions of professional integrity
(2021) Journalism

DOI: 10.1177/14648849211036301

Abstract
This article examines how journalists in non-permanent employment respond to their growing precarity. It is based on in-depth interviews with freelance journalists and interns who find that their working lives increasingly require entrepreneurial efforts. To work towards continuous access to journalistic work, these casually employed journalists engage in self-management and self-branding. To be able to make a living, they subsidize their income with work for clients outside of journalism that frequently offer better working conditions than news organizations but pursue narrow, strategic goals. The article develops a typology of non-journalistic work that illustrates that some non-journalistic jobs, but not others, cause these precarious news workers to defend their journalistic professional integrity. Furthermore, the study introduces Michel Foucault’s notions of the ‘entrepreneurial self’ and the ‘ethical self’ to interpret the different registers of professionalism between which journalists move today, identified as counter-, conforming and coping subjectivity. Thereby, the article uses a novel conceptual lens to make sense of resilience and change in journalistic professional identities under conditions of precarity. © The Author(s) 2021.

Author Keywords
Entrepreneurial self; ethical self; freelancers; governmentality; interns; non-journalistic work; professional identity; public service ethos

Yusheng, D.
Benjamin’s Reading on Baudelaire: From Foucauldian Genealogy of Ethics
(2021) Interdisciplinary Studies of Literature, 5 (2), pp. 277-290.

Abstract
In The Use of Pleasure, the second volume of The History of Sexuality published in 1984, Michel Foucault turns to the study of the genealogy of ethics, suggesting that it is possible to read Walter Benjamin’s work on Baudelaire as a contribution. With the lens of the four elements of Foucauldian ethics (ethical substance, ethical practice, mode of subjectivation and telos), this article attempts to excavate Benjamin’s writings on Baudelaire and the Paris arcades. It indicates that Baudelaire’s artistic work is a typical self “ēthopoiēsis” in Benjamin’s reading: The ethical substance is the lack of desire, the ethical practice is the asceticism of dandyism, the mode of subjectivation is the melancholy and anger, and the telos is to create an ethic-poetic life that integrates truth and experience, which is ultimately to create an ethical art related to the way of living in the current society. Baudelaire’s ethical art is a typical practice of ethical literary criticism, whose ethical choice lies in the construction of the literary didactic subject and the struggle of heroism, with the purpose of exerting the social criticism and ethical didactic function of literary work. © 2021. All Rights Reserved.

Author Keywords
art of living; Baudelaire; Benjamin; Foucault; genealogy of ethics

Fredéric Gros, Peut-on penser la désobéissance à partir du christianisme ?

MARDI 21 SEPTEMBRE 2021 À 17 HEURES
COURS-CONFÉRENCE DONNÉ À DISTANCE
(en visioconférence) Peut-on penser la désobéissance à partir du christianisme ?
Au moyen du concept de « gouvernementalité », Michel Foucault (1926-1984) a développé une perspective très originale à partir de laquelle l’analyse du politique ne se focalise plus ni sur les fondements théoriques des systèmes de gouvernement – ces théories qui expliquent et justifient la formation de l’ordre politique, comme le contractualisme – ni sur les mécanismes formels qui en assurent le fonctionnement, comme l’instauration de la loi.

Dans l’approche de la « gouvernementalité », il s’agit plutôt d’interroger les différentes dynamiques de pouvoir qui organisent la conduite des individus dans leur vie quotidienne. Cette perspective a permis d’ouvrir la réflexion sur ce qui veut dire « être gouverné » et d’expliquer la formation historique et le fonctionnement des institutions – dont celle qui se nomme « État » – ainsi que des théories politiques modernes et contemporaines, telles que libéralisme et le néolibéralisme.
Dans ce cadre conceptuel, si Foucault a montré comment le christianisme a joué un rôle clé dans l’élaboration de l’approche de la gouvernementalité, ce cycle de conférences voudrait se demander à quel point nous sommes ou serions encore gouvernés par des dynamiques de pouvoir forgées par le christianisme.

Existe-t-il une « généalogie chrétienne de la gouvernementalité » ? Permettrait-elle de nous aider à mieux comprendre les dynamiques de pouvoir qui organisent les sociétés dans lesquelles nous vivons et, par conséquent, d’interpréter des concepts fondateurs de notre vocabulaire politique comme ceux d’« obéissance », de « volonté » ou de « liberté ».

Bibliographie

Büttgen Philippe, « Théologie politique et pouvoir pastoral » dans Annales. Histoire, sciences sociales 2007/5, pp. 1129-1154.
Chevalier Philippe, Foucault et le christianisme. Lyon : ENS Lyon, 2011.
Foucault Michel, Du gouvernement des vivants. Cours au Collège de France 1979-1980. Paris :Seuil/Gallimard/EHESS, 2012.
Foucault Michel, Histoire de la sexualité 4. Les Aveux de la chair. Paris : Gallimard, 2018.
Foucault Michel, « Le sujet et le pouvoir » in Dits et écrits II. Paris : Gallimard (Quarto), 2001, pp. 1041-1062.
Foucault Michel, Sécurité, territoire, population. Cours au Collège de France 1977-1978. Paris : Seuil/Gallimard/EHESS, 2004.
Foucault Michel, Surveiller et punir : Naissance de la prison. Paris : Gallimard, 1975.
Gros Frédéric, Desobéir. Paris : Albin Michel/Flammarion, 2017.
Karsenti Bruno, « La politique du dehors. Une lecture des cours de Foucault au Collège de France (1977-1979) » dans Multitudes 2005/3 (22), pp. 37-50.
Revel Judith, Foucault, une pensée du discontinu. Paris : Fayard, 2010.
Senellart Michel, Les arts de gouverner. Du regime médiéval au concept de gouvernement. Paris : Seuil, 1995.

Michel Senellart, Oikonomia et regimen. À propos d’une critique de Foucault par Agamben

JEUDI 16 SEPTEMBRE 2021 À 17 HEURES
BRUXELLES – PALAIS DES ACADÉMIES – SALLE À DÉTERMINER
Oikonomia et regimen. À propos d’une critique de Foucault par Agamben
Au moyen du concept de « gouvernementalité », Michel Foucault (1926-1984) a développé une perspective très originale à partir de laquelle l’analyse du politique ne se focalise plus ni sur les fondements théoriques des systèmes de gouvernement – ces théories qui expliquent et justifient la formation de l’ordre politique, comme le contractualisme – ni sur les mécanismes formels qui en assurent le fonctionnement, comme l’instauration de la loi.

Dans l’approche de la « gouvernementalité », il s’agit plutôt d’interroger les différentes dynamiques de pouvoir qui organisent la conduite des individus dans leur vie quotidienne. Cette perspective a permis d’ouvrir la réflexion sur ce qui veut dire « être gouverné » et d’expliquer la formation historique et le fonctionnement des institutions – dont celle qui se nomme « État » – ainsi que des théories politiques modernes et contemporaines, telles que libéralisme et le néolibéralisme.
Dans ce cadre conceptuel, si Foucault a montré comment le christianisme a joué un rôle clé dans l’élaboration de l’approche de la gouvernementalité, ce cycle de conférences voudrait se demander à quel point nous sommes ou serions encore gouvernés par des dynamiques de pouvoir forgées par le christianisme.

Existe-t-il une « généalogie chrétienne de la gouvernementalité » ? Permettrait-elle de nous aider à mieux comprendre les dynamiques de pouvoir qui organisent les sociétés dans lesquelles nous vivons et, par conséquent, d’interpréter des concepts fondateurs de notre vocabulaire politique comme ceux d’« obéissance », de « volonté » ou de « liberté ».

Bibliographie

Büttgen Philippe, « Théologie politique et pouvoir pastoral » dans Annales. Histoire, sciences sociales 2007/5, pp. 1129-1154.
Chevalier Philippe, Foucault et le christianisme. Lyon : ENS Lyon, 2011.
Foucault Michel, Du gouvernement des vivants. Cours au Collège de France 1979-1980. Paris :Seuil/Gallimard/EHESS, 2012.
Foucault Michel, Histoire de la sexualité 4. Les Aveux de la chair. Paris : Gallimard, 2018.
Foucault Michel, « Le sujet et le pouvoir » in Dits et écrits II. Paris : Gallimard (Quarto), 2001, pp. 1041-1062.
Foucault Michel, Sécurité, territoire, population. Cours au Collège de France 1977-1978. Paris : Seuil/Gallimard/EHESS, 2004.
Foucault Michel, Surveiller et punir : Naissance de la prison. Paris : Gallimard, 1975.
Gros Frédéric, Desobéir. Paris : Albin Michel/Flammarion, 2017.
Karsenti Bruno, « La politique du dehors. Une lecture des cours de Foucault au Collège de France (1977-1979) » dans Multitudes 2005/3 (22), pp. 37-50.
Revel Judith, Foucault, une pensée du discontinu. Paris : Fayard, 2010.
Senellart Michel, Les arts de gouverner. Du regime médiéval au concept de gouvernement. Paris : Seuil, 1995.

Philippe Buttgen, Gouverner par les doctrines

MERCREDI 15 SEPTEMBRE 2021 À 17 HEURES
BRUXELLES – PALAIS DES ACADÉMIES – SALLE À DÉTERMINER
Gouverner par les doctrines
Au moyen du concept de « gouvernementalité », Michel Foucault (1926-1984) a développé une perspective très originale à partir de laquelle l’analyse du politique ne se focalise plus ni sur les fondements théoriques des systèmes de gouvernement – ces théories qui expliquent et justifient la formation de l’ordre politique, comme le contractualisme – ni sur les mécanismes formels qui en assurent le fonctionnement, comme l’instauration de la loi.

Dans l’approche de la « gouvernementalité », il s’agit plutôt d’interroger les différentes dynamiques de pouvoir qui organisent la conduite des individus dans leur vie quotidienne. Cette perspective a permis d’ouvrir la réflexion sur ce qui veut dire « être gouverné » et d’expliquer la formation historique et le fonctionnement des institutions – dont celle qui se nomme « État » – ainsi que des théories politiques modernes et contemporaines, telles que libéralisme et le néolibéralisme.
Dans ce cadre conceptuel, si Foucault a montré comment le christianisme a joué un rôle clé dans l’élaboration de l’approche de la gouvernementalité, ce cycle de conférences voudrait se demander à quel point nous sommes ou serions encore gouvernés par des dynamiques de pouvoir forgées par le christianisme.

Existe-t-il une « généalogie chrétienne de la gouvernementalité » ? Permettrait-elle de nous aider à mieux comprendre les dynamiques de pouvoir qui organisent les sociétés dans lesquelles nous vivons et, par conséquent, d’interpréter des concepts fondateurs de notre vocabulaire politique comme ceux d’« obéissance », de « volonté » ou de « liberté ».

Bibliographie

Büttgen Philippe, « Théologie politique et pouvoir pastoral » dans Annales. Histoire, sciences sociales 2007/5, pp. 1129-1154.
Chevalier Philippe, Foucault et le christianisme. Lyon : ENS Lyon, 2011.
Foucault Michel, Du gouvernement des vivants. Cours au Collège de France 1979-1980. Paris :Seuil/Gallimard/EHESS, 2012.
Foucault Michel, Histoire de la sexualité 4. Les Aveux de la chair. Paris : Gallimard, 2018.
Foucault Michel, « Le sujet et le pouvoir » in Dits et écrits II. Paris : Gallimard (Quarto), 2001, pp. 1041-1062.
Foucault Michel, Sécurité, territoire, population. Cours au Collège de France 1977-1978. Paris : Seuil/Gallimard/EHESS, 2004.
Foucault Michel, Surveiller et punir : Naissance de la prison. Paris : Gallimard, 1975.
Gros Frédéric, Desobéir. Paris : Albin Michel/Flammarion, 2017.
Karsenti Bruno, « La politique du dehors. Une lecture des cours de Foucault au Collège de France (1977-1979) » dans Multitudes 2005/3 (22), pp. 37-50.
Revel Judith, Foucault, une pensée du discontinu. Paris : Fayard, 2010.
Senellart Michel, Les arts de gouverner. Du regime médiéval au concept de gouvernement. Paris : Seuil, 1995.

Jean Leclerq et Agustin Colombo De la règle à la norme. Le monachisme chrétien et la formation des dispositifs disciplinaires

MARDI 14 SEPTEMBRE 2021 À 17 HEURES
BRUXELLES – PALAIS DES ACADÉMIES – SALLE À DÉTERMINER
Au moyen du concept de « gouvernementalité », Michel Foucault (1926-1984) a développé une perspective très originale à partir de laquelle l’analyse du politique ne se focalise plus ni sur les fondements théoriques des systèmes de gouvernement – ces théories qui expliquent et justifient la formation de l’ordre politique, comme le contractualisme – ni sur les mécanismes formels qui en assurent le fonctionnement, comme l’instauration de la loi.

Dans l’approche de la « gouvernementalité », il s’agit plutôt d’interroger les différentes dynamiques de pouvoir qui organisent la conduite des individus dans leur vie quotidienne. Cette perspective a permis d’ouvrir la réflexion sur ce qui veut dire « être gouverné » et d’expliquer la formation historique et le fonctionnement des institutions – dont celle qui se nomme « État » – ainsi que des théories politiques modernes et contemporaines, telles que libéralisme et le néolibéralisme.
Dans ce cadre conceptuel, si Foucault a montré comment le christianisme a joué un rôle clé dans l’élaboration de l’approche de la gouvernementalité, ce cycle de conférences voudrait se demander à quel point nous sommes ou serions encore gouvernés par des dynamiques de pouvoir forgées par le christianisme.

Existe-t-il une « généalogie chrétienne de la gouvernementalité » ? Permettrait-elle de nous aider à mieux comprendre les dynamiques de pouvoir qui organisent les sociétés dans lesquelles nous vivons et, par conséquent, d’interpréter des concepts fondateurs de notre vocabulaire politique comme ceux d’« obéissance », de « volonté » ou de « liberté ».

Bibliographie

Büttgen Philippe, « Théologie politique et pouvoir pastoral » dans Annales. Histoire, sciences sociales 2007/5, pp. 1129-1154.
Chevalier Philippe, Foucault et le christianisme. Lyon : ENS Lyon, 2011.
Foucault Michel, Du gouvernement des vivants. Cours au Collège de France 1979-1980. Paris :Seuil/Gallimard/EHESS, 2012.
Foucault Michel, Histoire de la sexualité 4. Les Aveux de la chair. Paris : Gallimard, 2018.
Foucault Michel, « Le sujet et le pouvoir » in Dits et écrits II. Paris : Gallimard (Quarto), 2001, pp. 1041-1062.
Foucault Michel, Sécurité, territoire, population. Cours au Collège de France 1977-1978. Paris : Seuil/Gallimard/EHESS, 2004.
Foucault Michel, Surveiller et punir : Naissance de la prison. Paris : Gallimard, 1975.
Gros Frédéric, Desobéir. Paris : Albin Michel/Flammarion, 2017.
Karsenti Bruno, « La politique du dehors. Une lecture des cours de Foucault au Collège de France (1977-1979) » dans Multitudes 2005/3 (22), pp. 37-50.
Revel Judith, Foucault, une pensée du discontinu. Paris : Fayard, 2010.
Senellart Michel, Les arts de gouverner. Du regime médiéval au concept de gouvernement. Paris : Seuil, 1995.

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