Barashkov, V.V., Begchin, D.A., Davidov, I.P.
Modern European philosophy of symbolic forms of religious and artistic consciousness
(2021) Voprosy Filosofii, 2021 (6), pp. 74-84.
The article deals with the philosophical issues in the field of religious art. The revision of the theories of secularization in the late 20th – early 21st centuries allowed philosophers speak not only about the autonomy of art in relation to religion, but also about the dialogue between these two “symbolic forms of consciousness” (according to E. Cassirer) and the fields of culture. The aim of this article is to offer an analysis of the corpus of selected texts of both Russian and foreign specialists of the last quarter of the 20th – early 21st centuries who worked in related fields (iconology, spatialization, semiotics of culture and art, philosophy of culture, and theology). The subject matters of the article is the philosophical, religious, cultural, art history, semiotic, theological, and anthropological theories of authors whose works were in the representative sample of this study. The literature can be divided into several categories: 1) publications that discuss the relationship between the “secular” and “sacred” in modern culture; 2) publications that describe the essential features of modern temple construction and give a broad interpretation of the concept of “sacred spaces”; 3) publications that describe and analyse specific manifestations of the dialogue between art and religion. The main methods are the method of description and the method of complex philosophical and religiological analysis. The originality of the research lies in the attempt to systematize various points of view on the place and role of religion and art in a post-secular society. The goal is to offer a wide panorama of modern theories of the interaction of religion, architecture, and fine art. Tthe main tasks are complex analysis, classification and qualification of research approaches of the authors under consideration.
Ernst Cassirer; Henri Lefebvre; Heterotopia; Iconics; Iconology; Michel Foucault; Philosophy of religious art; Religious studies; Sacred spaces; Spatialisation; Temenology; “iconic turn”; “re-enchantment of art”; “sacred transfer”; “spiritual art”